The Indonesian Domestic Biogas Programme (IDBP) is in Indonesia better known as the BIRU programme; an acronym of Biogas Rumah, or ‘biogas for the home’. BIRU aims to promote the use of biodigesters as a local, sustainable, energy source by developing the market while working towards the development of a commercial, market-oriented sector, leading to the creation of jobs
The Indonesian Domestic Biogas Programme (IDBP) or BIRU is a program that seeks to disseminate renewable energy programs through the use of biogas reactors as an energy source and the use of bio-slurry (biogas pulp) as a natural fertilizer.
Starting in May 2009 to December 2019, it has built 24,769 biogas reactors in 13 provinces in Indonesia, namely Lampung, West Java, DKI Jakarta, Banten, Central Java, DI Yogyakarta, East Java, Central Kalimantan, South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara (Sumba).
Waste processing becomes a blessing is the motto of the BIRU program which projects the processing of organic waste from livestock manure and kitchen waste to be processed into energy so that it can meet household cooking needs every day.
In addition to utilizing waste, building biogas will also contribute to environmental preservation which can reduce CO2 (carbon dioxide) gas released in the air. At least 2.6 tons of CO2e per year will be reduced by building 1 unit of biogas measuring 6 m3, or the equivalent of 19-20 teak trees.
The BIRU program develops household-scale biogas designs that meet SNI standards. 7826: 2012 which discusses the procedures for the construction of fixed dome digester of concrete, while for biogas network installation it is approved in SNI. 7927: 2013.
In the BIRU program, it provides credit access to prospective users through cooperation with 55 cooperatives and credit unions distributed in the provinces implementing the BIRU program. BIRU program funding institutions can provide funding to farmers, ranchers or users who want to build biogas reactors.